【1】终生在一家公司，这跟英美的情况很不一样 Lifetime employment, which still predominates in the large corporations, embodies a conception of obligation on the part of both the company and the employee that is quite different from the narrowly contractual – and often short term – nature of employment in the Anglo-American tradition.
【2】论资排辈 reflects the age-hierarchy of Japanese society
【3】日本人很反感使用法律 The Japanese, for example, are profoundly averse to the use of the law
【4】找不到北了 the country and its institutions, including its companies, quite simply lost their sense of direction.
【5】脱亚入欧 Japan combined its embrace of the West with a rejection of Asia.第89页
We do not have time to wait for the enlightenment of our neighbours so that we can work together towards the development of Asia. It is better for us to leave the ranks of Asian nations and cast our lot with civilized nations of the West.
【6】富国强兵 the national slogan ‘rich country, strong army’
【7】百年屈辱 China’s ‘century of humiliation had begun’第96页
【8】被同化 all invaders, bar the Mongols, once secure in power, sought to acquire the customs and values of the Chinese and to rule according to their principles and their institutions
【9】科举，四大发明 What is sometimes described as China’s Renaissance witnessed the development of a classical examination system, the birth of neo-Confucianism, the invention of gunpowder, mortars and woodblock printing,
【10】亚当斯密评中国 Adam Smith, who saw China as an exemplar of market-based development, observed in 1776 that ‘China is a much richer country than any part of Europe.’